Itchalik: Caribou Skin Tent

The End of the Itchalik

As long as the Nunamiut continued their nomadic lifestyle, the itchalik suited their housing needs perfectly. People adapted new technology and materials, adding canvas, wood-burning stoves, even radios to their homes. But when the people settled into village life at Anaktuvuk Pass in 1949, they shifted to other kinds of more permanent shelters such as sod houses and log cabins in the winter and canvas tents in the summer. By 1954 the itchalik was no longer in common use. The last of the young hunters stopped using the itchalik in the 1960s.