The Triumphs of Stickball within the Native American Choctaw Nation


I.   Assess answers to the following questions. Individual teachers will determine the level of mastery for the learner:

  1. How did the recreational game of stickball act as a precursor to modern day lacrosse?
  2. What were the cultural results of the development of stickball for the Native American Choctaws?
  3. What influences did the creation of stickball by the Mississippi Choctaw have on other Native American Indian groups?
  4. Discuss the history and evolution the game of stickball from past to present in essay form.
  5. What traditional beliefs surround the game of stickball?

II.   Assess students' accuracy in plotting the seven participating Choctaw Communities  on a map of Mississippi:

  1. Bogue Chitto
  2. Bogue Homa
  3. Conehatta
  4. Pearl River
  5. Red Water
  6. Standing Pine
  7. Tucker

III. Use the following (or create your own) rubric to assess original students' creative compositions following the stages of the writing process.

IV.  Determine the accuracy of measurement of throwing stickballs, baseballs, footballs, etc.

V.   Explain the sceintific applications of motion, force, and transfer of energy in the game of stickball.



½ point

1 point

Sentence structure

Student sentences are not complete, they are short and the verbs do not agree with the pronoun. Common mistake with present simple “to be” and simple present.

Sentences are complete and well structured. The verbs agree with the pronoun and the usage of the “to be”, present simple and present progressive is correct. 

Word choice

The selection of the vocabulary is poor but well applied. They use few adjectives to describe the celebration they chose. They make several mistakes.

The selection of the vocabulary is more complete and is well applied. They still make mistakes but not as many.  They use more adjectives to describe the celebration they chose.

Introductions sentence and description

Students are not able to use an introductory sentence in their writing. They begin by describing the celebration in 4-5 sentences

Students introduce the celebration in one complete sentence. After the introductory sentence they begin describing the celebration in 6-7 sentences. 


They use one, poor, not well structured sentence to express, in a very limited, way an opinion.

They use more than one complete sentence to express their personal opinion. The conclusion is not as limited but has few mistakes.


Students present their writings written in computer, using the correct font that has been required. No clarity and cleanness.

No folder.

Students present their writings in computer, using the font that has been required, clarity, cleanness and the assigned color folder.