Native American Choctaw Nation's Decision to Stay or Move - Dancing Rabbit Creek Treaty - Treaty of 1830

Teaching Strategies

  • Students will use the internet to research the Dancing Rabbit Creek Treaty (Treaty of 1830). Refer to questions that follow to use as research prompts.
  • Students will read and discuss the history of the Indian Removal Act.
  • Students will read and discuss the history behind Dancing Rabbit Creek Treaty (Treaty of 1830).
  • Through brainstorming and discussion, students will develop a list of the effects of the treaty on the Mississippi Choctaw Nation.
  • After discussion and brainstorming, students will develop a list of the effects of the treaty on the Choctaws who relocated in Oklahoma.
  • Students will role-play an enactment of the discussion and signing of the treaty following their research into the setting and the events that occurred during the signing.
  • Students will create an artistic depiction of the scene witnessed at the signing of the Dancing Rabbit Creek Treaty of 1830.
  • Students will write a fictional historical narrative from one of the following perspectives. Instruct students to follow the steps in the writing process; use writing rubrics for historical narrative, which can be found in the Assessments section of this Learning Center, to critique.
  1. Viewpoint of a teenager present at the treaty discussions conducted by the leaders of the Choctaw Nation and the representatives of the United States government. (This could be written from the first or third person narrative point of view.)
  2. Sights and sounds of activities going on in the campground during the discussions and signing of the treaty (to be written from a first person perspective).
  3. Write from the viewpoint of a Choctaw adult making the decision to stay in the Mississippi territory or to travel to Oklahoma. (Make a decision and explain the reasons for it using researched information.)

 

Extended Activities:

  • Research other treaties that have affected other Native American Indian tribes.
  • Create a story board depicting the history of the Dancing Rabbit Creek Treaty. (A timeline could be developed that includes pictures that show the effects of the removal on tribal members, a diagram of the setting of the scene at the Dancing Rabbit Creek during the signing, etc.)
  • Create a journal written from a child's point of view on the hardships of the Trail of Tears.
  • Calculate the distance traveled by the Choctaw tribal members who relocated to Oklahoma after the signing of the Treaty of 1830.
  • Research hardships faced during the relocation process.
  • Research and describe the change in the ways treaties are formed today.
  • Reasearch and describe the ways that voting by Native Americans has changed from 1830 to the present.

Research Questions:

  1. Who was the United States president during this time?
  2. Explain the intended goal of the Choctaws as they contemplated the discussion of the impending treaty.
  3. What Choctaw leaders were present at the meeting?
  4. What United States officials presided at the treaty discussions?
  5. Explain the intended goal of the United States government in the signing of the treaty.
  6. Describe the setting at Dancing Rabbit Creek.
  7. What traditional symbolic voting action was performed by the Choctaws when casting ballots for Indian Removal? Explain how the voting protocol has changed.
  8. What provisions were offered to those Choctaws who decided to remain in Mississippi?
  9. What provisions were offered to those Choctaws who moved to Oklahoma?
  10. Do you agree that the provisions of the treaty were necesssary? Explain why or why not.