Trade in precontact Alaska

Academic Standards

National Standards

Language Arts/English Standard 1: Reading for perspective

Language Arts/English Standard 2: Understanding the Human Experience

Language Arts/English Standard 7: Evaluating data

Language Arts/English Standard 9: Multicultural understanding

Economic Standard 1: Productive resources are limited.  Therefore, people cannot have all the goods and services they want; as a result, they must choose some things and give up others.

Economic Standard 5: Voluntary trade occurs only when all participating parties expect to gain. This is true for trade among individuals or organizations in different nations.

Economic Standard 6: When individuals, regions, and nations specialize in what they can produce at the lowest cost and then trade with others, both production and consumption increase.

Geography Standard 1: The world in spatial terms

Geography Standard 2: Places and regions

Geography Standard 4: Human systems

Geography Standard 5: Environment and society


Alaska Standards

Geography Standard A: A student should be able to make and use maps, globes, and graphs to gather, analyze, and report spatial (geographic) information. A student who meets the content standard should:

1. Use maps and globes to locate places and regions

2. Evaluate the importance of the locations of human and physical features in interpreting geographic patterns


Geography Standard B: A student should be able to utilize, analyze, and explain information about the human and physical features of places and regions. A student who meets the content standard should:

1. Know that places have distinctive geographic characteristics


Geography Standard D: A student should understand and be able to interpret spatial (geographic) characteristics of human systems, including migration, movement, interactions of cultures, economic activities, settlement patterns, and political units in the state, nation, and world. A student who meets the content standard should:

1. Know that the need for people to exchange goods, services, and ideas creates population centers, cultural interaction, and transportation and communication links


Geography Standard E: A student should understand and be able to evaluate how humans and physical environments interact. A student who meets the content standard should:

1. Understand how resources have been developed and used

2. Recognize and assess local, regional, and global patterns of resource use


History Standard A: A student should understand that history is a record of human experiences that links the past to the present and the future. A student who meets the content standard should:

5. Understand that history is a narrative told in many voices and expresses various perspectives of historical experience

6. Know that cultural elements, including language, literature, the arts, customs, and belief systems, reflect the ideas and attitudes of a specific time and know how the cultural elements influence human interaction


History Standard B: A student should understand historical themes through factual knowledge of time, places, ideas, institutions, cultures, people, and events. A student who meets the content standard should:

1. Comprehend the forces of change and continuity that shape human history through the following persistent organizing themes;

b. Human communities and their relationships with climate, subsistence base, resources, geography, and technology


Cultural Standard A: Culturally knowledgeable students are well grounded in the cultural heritage and traditions of their community.